zpCUbhkAlqAxZqsAqVw3Z_Q0I18 Sumber Perkongsian Ilmu ©: 04/10/14google0d30047a50102498.html

Khamis, 10 April 2014


Type of Exporting
Indirect Exporting
- Internal marketing middleman used

Direct Exporting
- International Marketing Middleman not used

Indirect Exporting
-Simplest and Cheapest method
-Exporters stop when home market sales improve
-Exporters lack control over how, when, where and whom product sold

Indirect Exporting Methods

Domestic Purchasing
-Foreign customer buys product at factory gate
-Foreign customer exports, markets and distributes product in one/many.coutries

Export Management Companies (EMC) / Export Houses
Act as export departments for various clients eg tudor rose international limited (UK) represents Ryvita and Unilever
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